As stated by Albert Einstein
"When energy transforms from one form to another, the amount of energy always remains the same. It cannot be made or destroyed. This rule is called the "conservation law of energy".
When energy transforms into mass, the amount of energy does not remain the same. When mass transforms into energy, the amount of energy also does not remain the same. However, the amount of matter and energy remains the same. Energy turns into mass and mass turns into energy in a way that is defined by Einstein's equation, E = mc2.
The "m" in Einstein's equation stands for mass. Mass is the amount of matter there is in some body. If you knew the number of protons and neutrons in a piece of matter such as a brick, then you could calculate its total mass as the sum of the masses of all the protons and of all the neutrons. (Electrons are so small that they are almost negligible.) Masses pull on each other, and a very large mass such as that of the Earth pulls very hard on things nearby.
Mass, not weight, can be transformed into energy. Another way of expressing this idea is to say that matter can be transformed into energy. Units of mass are used to measure the amount of matter in something. The mass or the amount of matter in something determines how much energy that thing could be changed into.
Energy can also be transformed into mass.
Sometimes a mass will change to energy. Common examples of elements that make these changes we call radioactivity are radium and uranium. An atom of uranium can lose an alpha particle (the atomic nucleus of helium) and become a new element with a lighter nucleus. Then that atom will emit two electrons, but it will not be stable yet. It will emit a series of alpha particles and electrons until it finally becomes the element Pb or what we call lead. By throwing out all these particles that have mass it has made its own mass smaller. It has also produced energy.
In most radioactivity, the entire mass of something does not get changed to energy. In an atomic bomb, uranium is transformed into krypton and barium. There is a slight difference in the mass of the resulting krypton and barium, and the mass of the original uranium, but the energy that is released by the change is huge. One way to express this idea is to write Einstein's equation as:
E = (muranium - mkrypton and barium) c2
The c2 in the equation stands for the speed of light squared. To square something means to multiply it by itself, so if you were to square the speed of light, it would be 299,792,458 meters per second, times 299,792,458 meters per second, which is approximately (3*108)2 = (9*1016 meters2)/seconds2= 90,000,000,000,000,000 meters2/seconds2
So the energy produced by one kilogram would be:
E = 1 kg * 90,000,000,000,000,000 meters2/seconds2
E = 90,000,000,000,000,000 kg meters2/seconds2
E = 90,000,000,000,000,000 joules
E = 90,000 terajoule
(89,875,517,873,681,764) = c2
About 60 terajoules were released by the atomic bomb that exploded over Hiroshima. So about two-thirds of a gram of the radioactive mass in that atomic bomb must have been lost (changed into energy), when the uranium changed into krypton and barium.
The contents as words and Intel of this page originated from https://kids.kiddle.co/Albert_Einstein Kids Encyclopedia Facts, TPEOM notified Kids Encyclopedia Facts before producing this webpage.
It is stated upon the Kids Encyclopedia Facts webpage at the bottom of the page that it is ok as reproducible and useable educationally as this is being done. The scientific words originated by & from Albert Einstein while he was doing his physics research & development.
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